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47th Australian Infantry Battalion Memorial

Description
Ornate marble and bronze honour board, located on the western wallof the crypt. (Refer to images)The multiple elements of the memorial include an enamel battalion color patch, Battle Honours on either side of the main central plaque, and a plaque indicating the enlisted, Killed and Wounded of the Battalion during the ZFirst World War.
Location
Shrine of Memories, ANZAC Square, Brisbane Qld 4000

Location of 47th Australian Infantry Battalion Memorial

Inscription
Refer to additional images.
Conflicts commemorated
First World War, 1914-1918
Unit Memorials
Memorial type
Honour Board
Commemorative services held

The Shrine of Memories is utilised for ANZAC Day Services.

Additional information

The 47th Battalion was raised in Egypt on 24 February 1916 as part of the "doubling" of the AIF. Approximately half of its new recruits were Gallipoli veterans from the 15th Battalion, and the other half, fresh reinforcements from Australia. Reflecting the composition of the 15th, the new battalion was composed mostly of men recruited in Queensland and Tasmania. The new battalion was incorporated into the 12th Brigade of the Australian Division.

Arriving in France on 9 June 1916, the 47th entered the trenches of the Western Front for the first time on 3 July. It participated in its first major battle at Pozières. Initially, the battalion provided working parties during the 2nd Division's attack on 4 August, and then, with its own division, defended the ground that had been captured. The 47th endured two stints in the heavily-contested trenches of Pozières, as well as a period in reserve.

After Pozières, the battalion spent the period up until March 1917 alternating between duty in the trenches and training and rest behind the lines. On 11 April it took part in the attack mounted against the heavily defended village of Bullecourt - part of the formidable Hindenburg Line to which the Germans had retreated during February and March. Devoid of surprise, and dependent upon the support of unreliable tanks, the attack failed. Later in the year, the focus of the AIF's operations switched to the Ypres sector in Belgium where the 47th took part in the battles of Messines and Passchendaele.

The 47th rotated in and out of the front line throughout the winter of 1917-18. In the spring of 1918, it played a role in turning the great German Spring Offensive by defeating attacks around Dernancourt during the last days of March and the first days of April 1918. One of the battalion's actions at Dernancourt is depicted in a diorama at the Australian War Memorial. For his valorous actions at Dernancourt Sergeant Stanley MacDougall was awarded the Victoria Cross.

The defeat of the German offensive had come at a cost though. Due to heavy casualties and a lack of reinforcements from Australia, three brigades were directed to disband one of their battalions to reinforce the other three. The 12th Brigade was one of these, and on 31 May 1918 the 47th Battalion was disbanded.
(Source: Australian War Memorial - www.awm.gov.au)

Recorded by
Queensland War Memorial Register
Date recorded
8 April 2009

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